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教育部职业教育与成人教育司负责人就《职业教育提质培优行动计划(2020—2023年)》答记者问
发布时间:2021-10-10 15:35:00 来源:教育部网站
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  日前,教育部、国家发展改革委、工业和信息化部、财政部、人力资源社会保障部、农业农村部、国务院国资委、国家税务总局、国务院扶贫办等九个国务院职业教育工作部际联席会议成员单位联合印发《职业教育提质培优行动计划(2020—2023年)》(以下简称《行动计划》),教育部职业教育与成人教育司负责人就《行动计划》回答了记者提问。

  1.请介绍一下《行动计划》出台的背景是什么?

  da:dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshizhiyejiaoyufazhan,chutai《guojiazhiyejiaoyugaigeshishifangan》(jiancheng“zhijiao20tiao”),mingquelebanhaoxinshidaizhiyejiaoyudeshigongtu,zhiyejiaoyudagaigedafazhandegejujibenxingcheng,jinrupapoguokan、tizhipeiyoudelishiguanjianqi。《xingdongjihua》jujiaozhongdian、shutongdudian、pojienandian,jiang“zhijiao20tiao”bushudegaigerenwuzhuanhuaweijucuohexingdong,tuidongzhongyang、difanghexuexiaotongxiangtongxing,xingchengyindizhiyi、bixueganchaodegongzuogeju,zhengtituijinzhiyejiaoyutizhipeiyou。

  2.请问《行动计划》的总体思路是什么?

  da:《xingdongjihua》weiraobanhaogongpingyouzhiliang、leixingtesetuchudezhiyejiaoyu,yitizhipeiyou、zengzhifunengweizhuxian,jianchiwentidaoxiang、xuqiudaoxiang、mubiaodaoxiang,zhelibuduanban、jihuoli、tizhiliang。tongguojiakuaitixijianshe、shenhuatizhijizhigaige、jiaqiangneihanjianshe,xitongjiejuezhiyejiaoyuxiyinlibuqiang、zhiliangbugaodewenti;tongguogoujian“guojiahongguanguanli、shengjitongchoubaozhang、xuexiaozizhushishi”guanlijizhi,yindaodifangxuexiaocong“zenmekan”zhuanxiang“zenmegan”,zhuanzhineng、tixiaoneng,jifadifanghexuexiaogaigehuoli。

  3.请问《行动计划》部署了哪些重点任务?

  da:《xingdongjihua》guihuashejile10xiangrenwu,27tiaojucuo。yifangmian,jiaqiangdingcengsheji,duiluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu、tuijinzhiyejiaoyuxiediaofazhan、wanshanfuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhidutixi、shenhuazhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoronghexiaoqihezuo、jianquanzhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshengzhidudengjinxingbushu。lingyifangmian,jujiaoguanjiangaige,shishizhiyejiaoyuzhilinenglitishengxingdong、“sanjiao”gaigegongjianxingdong、xinxihua2.0jianshexingdong、fuwuguojichannenghezuoxingdong、chuangxinfazhangaodijianshexingdongdeng5xiangxingdong。wenjianfubiaoxihuale56gezhongdianxiangmu,guowuyuanzhiyejiaoyugongzuobujilianxihuiyigechengyuandanweifentoutuijin,gediziyuanchengjie,jianlijixiaoguanlipingtai,jiansheqimanguojiagenjujianshechengxiaojinxingrending。

  4.请问《行动计划》在落实“立德树人”根本任务方面提出了哪些具体举措?

  da:《xingdongjihua》tichujinyibuchuangxinsixiangzhengzhijiaoyumoshi,jiangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanrongrurencaipeiyangquanguocheng。yishituidongxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangjinjiaocaijinketangjintounao,tuijinlixiangxinnianjiaoyuchangtaihua、zhiduhua,jiakuaigoujianzhongguotesezhiyejiaoyudesixiangtixi、huayutixi、zhengcetixiheshijiantixi。ershiluoshiquanyuanquanguochengquanfangweiyuren,jiaoyuyindaoqingnianxueshengzengqiangaidangaiguoyishi,tingdanghua、gendangzou,zaizhiyexuexiaolinxuanrendingyipi“sanquanyuren”dianxingxuexiao、mingbanzhurengongzuoshihedeyuteseanli。sanshijiaqiangzhongzhixuexiaosixiangzhengzhi、yuwen、lishihegaozhixuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkekechengjianshe,kaizukaiqikaihaosizhengbixiukecheng;jiadazhuanzhisizhengkejiaoshipeibeilidu,jiansheyipisizhengkejiaoshiyanxiujidi,kaizhandeyuguganguanlirenyuan、sizhengkezhuanrenjiaoshipeixun,tongguolinxuanyipisizhengkejiaoxuechuangxintuandui、shifanketanghekechengsizhengjiaoyuanli,tuidongzhiyexuexiaosixiangzhengzhijiaoyumoshichuangxin。

  5.请问《行动计划》在健全职业教育学校体系方面有哪些具体举措?

  da:《xingdongjihua》tichujinyibumingquegecengcizhiyejiaoyubanxuedingweihefazhanzhongdian,xitongsheji、zhengtituijinzhongguotesexiandaizhiyejiaoyutixijianshe。yishiqianghuazhongzhijiaoyudejichuxingzuoyong,baochigaozhongjieduanjiaoyuzhipubidatixiangdang,youhuazhongzhixuexiaobuju,shijuedaduoshuchengxiangxinzenglaodonglijieshougaozhongjieduanjiaoyu。ershigongguzhuankegaozhijiaoyudezhutidiwei,youhuagaodengjiaoyujiegou,peiyangdaguogongjiang、nenggongqiaojiang,shusongquyufazhanjixudegaosuzhijishujinengrencai。sanshiwenbufazhangaocengcizhiyejiaoyu,bafazhanbenkezhiyejiaoyuzuoweiwanshanxiandaizhiyejiaoyutixideguanjianyihuan,peiyanggaosuzhichuangxinxingjishujinengrencai;genjuchanyexuyaohexingyetedian,fazhanzhuanyexueweiyanjiushengpeiyangmoshi,shidukuodazhuanyexueweishuoshi、boshipeiyangguimo。

  6.请问《行动计划》在服务全民终身学习方面设计了哪些具体举措?

优发国际  da:《xingdongjihua》tichuchongfenfahuizhiyejiaoyufuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhongyaozuoyong,tuijinguojiazilikuangjiajianshe,jianligejigeleijiaoyupeixunxuexichengguorending、jileihezhuanhuanjizhi,zhongdiankaizhansanxianggongzuo:yishijianquanfuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhiyejiaoyuzhidu,jiakuaijianshezhiyejiaoyuguojia“xuefenyinxing”。ershiluoshizhiyexuexiaobingjushishixuelijiaoyuyupeixundefadingzhize,zhichizhiyexuexiaochengdangengduopeixunrenwu,tuidonggengduozhiyexuexiaocanyu1+xzhengshuzhidushishi,yindaozhiyexuexiaohelongtouqiyelianhejiansheyipishifanxingzhigongpeixunjidi。sanshiqianghuazhiyexuexiaodejixujiaoyugongneng,shishi“zhiyejiaoyufuwuzhongshenxuexizhiliangtishengxingdong”,linxuanrendingyipishifanxingjixujiaoyujidi、youzhijixujiaoyuwangluokecheng、shequjiaoyushifanjidihelaoniandaxueshifanxiao。

  7.请问《行动计划》在深化产教融合校企合作方面规划了哪些重点任务?

优发国际  da:《xingdongjihua》tichugongguzhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoronghe、xiaoqihezuodebanxuemoshi。yishijianlichanyerencaishujupingtai,fabuchanyerencaixuqiubaogao,yanzhizhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoduijiepuxitu,zhidaoyouhuazhiyexuexiaohezhuanyebuju,cujinrencaipeiyanghechanyexuqiujingzhunduijie。ershijianhaoyonghaoxingyezhiyejiaoyujiaoxuezhidaoweiyuanhui,quanmiantuixingxiandaixuetuzhiheqiyexinxingxuetuzhi,jianlifugaizhuyaozhuanyelingyudejiaoshiqiyeshijianliudongzhan、shitihuayunxingdeshifanxingzhijiaojituan(lianmeng)hejigongjiaoyujituan(lianmeng),jiansheyipijuyoufusheyinlingzuoyongdegaoshuipingzhuanyehuachanjiaorongheshixunjidi,shenhuaxiaoqihezuoxietongyuren。sanshizhichixingyezuzhijijicanyuchanjiaoronghejiansheshidianxiangmu,gulidifangkaizhanhunhesuoyouzhi、gufenzhibanxuegaigeshidian,tuidonggedijianlijianquanshengjichanjiaoronghexingqiyerenzhengzhidu, jianquanyiqiyeweizhongyaozhudao、zhiyexuexiaoweizhongyaozhicheng、chanyeguanjianhexinjishugongguanweizhongxinrenwudechanjiaoronghechuangxinjizhi。

  8.请问《行动计划》在职业教育考试招生方面将推进哪些改革?

  da:《xingdongjihua》tichushenhuazhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshenggaige,yindaobutongjieduanjiaoyuxiediaofazhan、helifenliu,weixueshengjieshougaodengzhiyejiaoyutigongduozhongruxuefangshi。yishijianquanshengjitongchoudegaozhifenleikaoshizhaoshengzhidu,wanshangaozhijiaoyuzhaoshengjihuafenpeihekaoshizhaoshengbanfa,baoliugaozhixuexiaokaoshitongguoputonggaokaodequdao,baochifenleikaoshizhaoshengweigaozhixuexiaozhaoshengdezhuqudao。ershiguifanzhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshengxingshi,tuidonggedijiangjigongxuexiaonaruzhiyejiaoyutongyizhaoshengpingtai,zhubuquxiaoxianxingdezhuceruxuezhaoshenghezhongzhibenkeguantong,shidukuodazhongzhizhuankeguantong,yangezhixingjinengbajianrencaimianshiruxuetiaojian。sanshiwanshan“wenhuasuzhi+zhiyejineng”pingjiafangshi,zhiyejinengceshifenzhibudiyuzongfenzhide50%,kaoshixingshiyicaozuokaoshiweizhu,xuchongfentixiangangweijineng、tongyongjishudengneirong;zhichiyoutiaojiandeshengfenjianlizhongzhixueshengxueyeshuipingceshizhidu,guligaozhixuexiaoyuchanjiaoronghexingqiyelianhezhaosheng。

  9.请问《行动计划》在提升职业教育治理能力方面提出了哪些具体措施?

  da:《xingdongjihua》tichujiakuaituijinzhiyejiaoyuzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,zhongdiankaizhansanxianggongzuo:yishijianquanzhiyejiaoyubiaozhuntixi,fencengfenlei、xitongxianjiedigoujianzhiyejiaoyuxuexiaobiaozhunhezhuanyebiaozhun,jiehezhiyejiaoyutedianwanshanxueweizhidu,wanshangeleibiaozhundedongtaigengxinhezhixingqingkuangjianchajizhi。ershiwanshanbanxuezhiliangjianguanpingjiajizhi,zhidingzhiyexuexiaobanxuezhiliangkaohebanfa,jianlijinengchoucha、shixibaogao、biyeshejichoujiandengsuijixingjianchazhidu;shenrutuijinzhiyexuexiaojiaoxuegongzuozhenduanyugaijinzhidujianshe,qieshifahuixuexiaozhiliangbaozhengzhutizuoyong。sanshidazaogaosuzhizhuanyehuaguanliduiwu,luoshihekuodazhiyexuexiaobanxuezizhuquan,jianquanwanshanzhichengpingpin、fenpeizhidudengbanfa,jiaqiangzhiyexuexiaoxiaozhangheguanliganbupeixun,zaojiuyizhizhengzhiguoying、pindegaoshang、yewujingzhan、zhixiaoyoufangdeguanliduiwu。

  10.请问《行动计划》在深化职业教育“三教”改革方面有哪些具体举措?

优发国际  da:《xingdongjihua》tichuxitongtuijinzhiyejiaoyu“sanjiao”gaige。yishitishengjiaoshi“shuangshi”suzhi,shishixinyizhouqi“quanguozhiyeyuanxiaojiaoshisuzhitigaojihua”,luoshi5nianyilundejiaoshiquanyuanpeixunzhidu;gaigezhiyexuexiaozhuanyejiaoshijinshenghepingjiajizhi,pochu“wuwei”qingxiang,wanshanzhiyexuexiaozizhupinrenjianzhijiaoshidebanfa,gaigewanshanzhiyexuexiaojixiaogongzizhengce,yunxuzhuanyejiaoshianguojiaguidingzaixiaoqihezuoqiyejianzhiquchou。ershijiaqiangzhiyejiaoyujiaocaijianshe,shixingjiaocaifencengguihuazhidu,jianquanjiaocaifenleishenhe、chouchahetuichuzhidu,cujinjiaocaizhiliangzhengtitisheng。sanshitishengzhiyejiaoyuzhuanyehekechengjiaoxuezhiliang,heliguihuayindaozhuanyeshezhi,jianlituichujizhi;jianlizhiyexuexiaorencaipeiyangfangangongkaizhidu,jiangkechengjiaoxuegaigetuixiangzongshen;wanshanyixuexizheweizhongxindezhuanyehekechengjiaoxuepingjiatixi,qianghuashixishixunkaohepingjia,gulijiaoshituanduitansuofengongxiezuodemokuaihuajiaoxuezuzhifangshi,youxiaotishengzhiyejiaoyukechengjiaoxuezhiliang。

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